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16 Nov

In opposition to the medical adage which says: when you hear a gallop think of a horse not a zebra, researchers from Denmark specialized in computer science have designed a search engine dedicated to the diagnosis of rare diseases.

With a hint of poetry they named it “findzebra” and the link is given below:

Try it by typing a symptom in the search box at the top of the homepage.

Search engine

9 Nov

À new search engine designed by a French physician adviser:

How to filter only structured abstract in Pubmed?

4 Aug

It is as simple as typing the word “hasstructuredabstract” in the research box of Pubmed, followed by the search terms you are intending to use for implementing your bibliography.

20 million PubMed papers can't be wrong

20 million PubMed papers can’t be wrong (Photo credit: dullhunk)

Thus all the references you will retrieve will be automatically associated with a structured abstract shaped with the useful usual labelled sections (eg: introduction, method results and conclusion). The references without such a structured summary will be eliminated from your research.

This word hasstructuredabstract makes me think of the word abracadabra another magical word 😉

More content here:

Quoting directly, paraphrasing or summarizing?

3 Feb

How to quote your sources?

Quotation marks

Image via Wikipedia

voltaire, paraphrased
voltaire, paraphrased (Photo credit: stanrandom)

Research advances in an environment of scientific background which an honest researcher has the obligation to quote all along his paper.

But quoting responds to some rules that most of us follow without even thinking of it.

This Post intends to structure the act of quotation or citation in a scientific paper.

Article 1: the tag or the “signal phrase” that incorporate the quotation into your own text

Our results are confirmed by the work of other academic authors who ….

Article 2: the quotation of the source material

  • Direct quote of the source always requires quotation marks:

…wrote that butterflies “flutter their wings in a synchronistic movement that produces a subtle and unforgettable music”


  • Indirect quote of the source using a paraphrase, don’t require quotation marks:

found that butterflies synchronize their movement such producing a music which he qualifies as subtle and unforgettable


  • Indirect quote using a summary of the source, don’t require quotation marks:

…. described how butterflies flutter their wings

Article 3: the in text citation including in parentheses the last name of the quoted author and the year of the publication or the number of the reference:

  • (Herrera, 2009)


  • [3]

Article 4: the list of sources also called “references”, “bibliography” or “works cited” is placed at the end of the paper in alphabetic order or in order of appearance in the paper:

  • Herrera, A. (2009, July). Masters of Migration. Americas, (4), 57-63. Retrieved June 30, 2010, from Research Library. (Document ID: 1742961721).


  • [3] Herrera, A. “Masters of Migration.” Americas 1 Jul 2009: Research Library, ProQuest. Web. 30 Jun. 2010.


Caveat: if you don’t respect these four articles here above you might be responsible of a plagiarism, which is a very severe misconduct for a scientist.

Learn more:

Documenting Sources

An Aid to Paraphrasing

Examples of paraphrasing: Good and Bad

Le savoir plagier et/ou le paraphrasage : copier sans se faire prendre ?

4 search engines

22 Mar

My prefered 3 french search engines are:




Another good search engine for the international literature


create an alert for your references

4 Mar

You can create an alert to search for keys words of your article on the world wide web and extract references automaticaly:

grey litterature and systematic reviews data bases

24 Feb

Unpublished research (grey litterature) and systematic review about your research subject can be obtained in the following databases:

1) The NHS archives from early 2000 up to september 2007:

2) Current archives of the clinical research studies supported by the NHS:

3) Systematic reviews on effects of interventions used in health and social care, on health technology assesment and on economic evaluation :

4) Systematic reviews about health and social care evidence to support decision making.

The equivalent of the HAS in the US

15 Feb

This is the website of the US agency of healthcare research and quality which publish on effectiveness of medical treatment and pharmaceutical therapy, clinical practice guidelines, technology assessments and scientific revues on evidence based practices:

This website provide a good source to complete your reference list.

US national library of medicine

25 Jan

One single tool for searching references in : articles, journals citations, drug information, current clinical trials, full texts biomedical books, meetings abstracts, mendelian inheritance,mutagenecity, chemical carcinogenesis, reproductive and toxicity risk.  What else?

You must type your searched words between ” ” and if author name folowed by [AU]:

for example:


“ha-vinh” [AU]

research tools for references

13 Jan

google scholar

Us National library of medicine and National institutes of health (PUBMED)

scientific research tool, contains also pre print material

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