Tag Archives: Research

How to filter only structured abstract in Pubmed?

4 Aug

It is as simple as typing the word “hasstructuredabstract” in the research box of Pubmed, followed by the search terms you are intending to use for implementing your bibliography.

20 million PubMed papers can't be wrong

20 million PubMed papers can’t be wrong (Photo credit: dullhunk)

Thus all the references you will retrieve will be automatically associated with a structured abstract shaped with the useful usual labelled sections (eg: introduction, method results and conclusion). The references without such a structured summary will be eliminated from your research.

This word hasstructuredabstract makes me think of the word abracadabra another magical word ;-)

More content here:
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/policy/structured_abstracts.html

http://www.infodocket.com/2012/08/01/new-search-syntax-structured-abstracts-now-searchable-in-pubmed/

The way forward

28 Apr

Why western governments should increase budget spending instead of cutting them.

Nouriel Roubini, Turkish economist, professor ...

Nouriel Roubini, Turkish economist, professor of economics at the Stern School of Business, New York University. From the Confederation of Norwegian Enterprise conference, 2009. ‪Norsk (bokmål)‬: Nouriel Roubini, tyrkisk økonom, professor ved Stern School of Business ved New York University. Fra NHOs Årskonferanse 2009. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Public budget spending cuts induce a lowering of consumption that is inevitably followed by a slowdown of the economy’s pace and ultimately unemployment which also results in the lowering of consumption of goods; but moreover governments spending cuts reduce the efficiency or research by hampering the integrity of the scientist’s behaviour as we will see below.

Public budgets should instead be invested in enhancing the level of infrastructure, research and education in the aim to create the jobs and opportunities of tomorrow. High ranked economists and financial law scholars of the University of Cornwell and of the University of New-York describe what should be the way forward for western governments to follow in the present worse economic crisis since 1930 crossed by the developed countries.

Research is one of the sector in which governments should spent more money as written by Dr Ferric C Fang editor in chief of the journal Infection and Immunity in an editorial that quoted the here above economists report. The editorial of Dr Fang pointed the fact that he observes more and more misconducts in science articles because researchers are desperately lacking of financial supports and grants from the government.

More content:

1) The Way Forward

Moving From the Post-Bubble, Post-Bust Economy to Renewed Growth and Competitiveness
  • By Daniel Alpert, Westwood Capital; Robert Hockett, Professor of Law, Cornell University; and Nouriel Roubini, Professor of Economics, New York University

October 10, 2011 |

2) Reforming Science: Structural Reforms

  1. Ferric C. Fang, Editor in Chief, Infection and Immunity and
  2. Arturo Casadevall, Editor in Chief, mBio

A scientific speech addressed to medical journalists

21 Apr

When Gary Schwitzer talks at a health care journalists congress the result is the below brilliant course of medical research methodology.

The way health care journalists report the lowering of risk linked to a medical or pharmaceutical intervention has an impact on the size of the interest the public will give to the so-called innovative therapy. The example chosen by Gary with Nolvadex and breast cancer risk is very striking (see slide 36).

Thank you Gary Schwitzer for this very informative lecture which benefits not only to journalists but also to health care consumers (i.e. all of us).

European Union of Medicine in Assurance and Social Security

25 Mar

Social Security Challenges in Europe

I’m very glad to announce to my readers that an abstract that I have proposed with my colleagues has been accepted and is for now enlisted in the tentative program updated the 12th March 2012. The nineteenth Congress of the European Union of Medicine in Assurance and Social Security will stand this year from the 14th to the 16th of June in Padova, Italia.

The topic will be: Social Security Challenges in Europe and the spectrum of the themes addressed is large:

  1. Population and work force challenges in Europe
  2. A healthy worker in a healthy workplace
  3. Evidence based benefit decisions
  4. Return to work: what works?
  5. The influence of e-health on healthcare

tentative_program_EUMASS_2012

The gene sequencing start up is not for sale (even for $5.7 billion)

15 Mar

Molecular medicine.

BioCamp participants getting insights into the...

BioCamp participants getting insights into the pharmaceutical industry (Photo credit: Novartis AG)

English: DNA replication or DNA synthesis is t...

Image via Wikipedia

Building 32 on the Genentech headquarters camp...

Image via Wikipedia

A parking sign on the Genentech headquarters c...

Image via Wikipedia

Roche implements a strategy to treat the chronic diseases at a molecular level. To do so it has to acquire the start-us that possesses the relevant knowledge. Molecular engineering, including the DNA molecule, is far from the usual chemistry to which the traditional drugs makers are accustomed. In order to complete this goal the Swiss Drug maker leads a policy of takeover bid for American High Tech Companies settled in California (e.g. San Diego, for Illumina, Inc. or San Francisco for Genentech, Inc.) or Arizona ( Tucson for Ventana Medical Systems, Inc.). For now, Illumina has not yet been bought by Roche but it would be only a matter of time according to financial analysts. From a medical point of view Genentech makes human antibodies which are human molecules targeting the antigens located on the cell membrane. The action of such antibodies results in various therapeutic effects in chronic diseases. But unfortunately, as soon as the treatment is stopped the symptoms reappears. Ventana makes also antibodies, but for diagnosis purpose. The molecular diagnostic tests it produces aims to classified cancer cells in order to refine the individual prognosis of the disease (and to indicate the targeted treatment that is needed). More deeper in the molecular level, clerly in the heart of the cell and the identity of the person, Illumina discovered the method to sequence the genotype of the patient. It’s of the greatest importance for Roche to buy this start-up because in the future, treatment will be prescribed not only with regard of the condition diagnosed by the Doctors but also relatively to the genome of the patient.

Research Works Act

7 Jan

Free access to publicly funded research

English: This is the first issue of California...

Image via Wikipedia

How can people access freely to publicly funded research results?
From two things one: - either the government agencies buy the copyrights of privates scholarly publishers and then make available articles on governmental web sites
- or it publish himself the final reports or the intermediate or progress reports that the publicly funded researchers have produced.
But one thing for sure, since the recent “research works act” bill, the government or the federal agencies have no more the possibility to force or to mandate for free, by rule, the dissemination of the private scholarly publications issued from the peer reviewed journals.

A third possibility should be the government using the open access journals, but in that case instead of buying the copyrights afterward, federal agencies will be charged before the publication procedure.

Nevertheless, we have to keep in mind that the fundamental difference between a final report of a research work and a peer reviewed article issued from the same research work are: – the length (average length for a report: 60 pages vs 20 for an article), – the use of technical and complex words in the writing (because the articles are peer reviewed and aimed at the intention of a wider number of readers, mostly outside the institution, technical words and context have to be explained), – the transfer of responsibility in case of mistake or falsification of data (private publisher are eager to retract the article if a falsification or a conflict of interest is disclosed but will a federal agencies do the same?) and last but not least – scholarly publications are the products of multinational, world-wide expanded, globalised enterprises that are independent from the policy of a single state. And this must be seen as a guarantee of the independence of science from political pressure like, for example, the recent attempt by the US government to stop the publication by a Netherlander searchers team of their findings on the H5N1 flu virus mutation capacity (see here and here for more information).

Below are three references if you want to read more on the topic of the dissemination of research works:

1)My Argument for Public Access to Research Reports

http://scholarlykitchen.sspnet.org/2012/01/06/my-argument-for-public-access-to-research-reports/

2)Publishers Applaud “Research Works Act,”Bipartisan Legislation To End

Government Mandates on Private-Sector Scholarly Publishing

http://www.publishers.org/press/56/

3)A BILLTo ensure the continued publication and integrity of peer-

reviewed research works by the private sector.

http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-112hr3699ih/pdf/BILLS-112hr3699ih.pdf

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